Brief History Of The National Dress Of Nepal

Apr 28 . 2022

Nepal is a country with a miscellaneous cultural topography. In Nepal, the attire varies according to ethnicities and values. On the other hand, Daura Suruwal and Gunyu Cholo are Nepal's national dresses. Nepalese men wear Daura Suruwal, and Nepalese ladies wear Gunyu Cholo.

In 2017, Daura Suruwal was declared the national dress of Nepalese males. It is used by officials and the general public in government services and other activities and on special occasions. However, while "Gunyu Cholo" is the national clothing of Nepalese ladies, Saari is also often used by Nepalese women.

History Of Daura Suruwal; National Dress Of Nepalese Male

"Labeda Suruwal" is how Daura Suruwal is known. It contains several religious ideas as well as historical elements. As a result, the use of "Daura Suruwal" has remained constant for generations. Men's upper wear is known as "Daura", while men's trouser is known as "Suruwal".

Astamatrika Singini refers to Daura's eight self-tying strings. Byagini, Barahi, Maheswari, Indrayani, Kumari, Byasnabi, Brahmayani, and Mahalaxmi are the eight various forms of goddesses identified by the Astamatrika Singini.

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Caption: Nepales men dressed up in Daura Suruwal

According to Nepalese mythology, the number eight is also a lucky number. The fabric of the Daura contains five-folds, like the Pancha Buddha or Pancha Ratna (Five gems). The snake encircling Lord Shiva's neck is reminiscent of Daura's round, closed neck. Wearing this one-of-a-kind outfit is common during festive occasions, and older generations are more likely to do so.

During his tour to the United Kingdom in the nineteenth century, Nepalese Prime Minister JUnga Bhadaur Rana wore Daura Suruwal. Which afterwards became a popular Nepalese custom. Some historians say that Junga Bahadur, the king at the time, was the one who introduced the coat over the Daura Suruwal. The Queen of England gave him a coat on his visit to the United Kingdom. The tradition has survived to the present day, and it has been designated as Nepal's national dress.

Wearing a Dhaka Topi and Daura Suruwal is also a popular ritual. It's a brimless cap with no brim. It is used by Nepalese males on occasions and events with Daura Suruwal. During King Mahendra's reign, it gained popularity. From 1955 to 1972, Nepal was ruled by King Mahendra. He made it official to wear a Dhaka topi for official portraits and government occasions.

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Caption: Famous Hollywood actor, Morgan Freeman wearing Daura Suruwal during his visit to Nepal

Following his visit to Dhaka, the tradition of wearing a Dhaka topi became widespread in Nepal. He returned with the idea of making a cap out of the cotton fabric. Along with the Duar Suruwal, it eventually became a national costume. Outside of the Daura, people also wear a coat and waistcoat.

Women's National Dress: Gunyu Cholo

Gunyu Cholo is Nepal's female national clothing. Gunyu Cholo is a traditional Nepali outfit that consists of a blouse and a skirt. Gunyu Cholo is seldom worn as formal attire; however, it is worn in several cultural displays and occasions.

Image Cr: The Himalayan Times

Caption: President of Nepal, Bidhya Devi Bhandari with little girls dressed up in Gunyu Cholo

When a girl reaches 7 or 8, she is awarded the Gunyu Cholo and jewellery. It denotes that the girl is now mature enough to be a woman. It's also said to be a transitional period when the girl transforms from a girl to a woman. Every ethnic group and community has its own style, culture, and traditions.

Culture of Nepal

Nepal is a land of remarkable diversity, with people of many different religions, races, and tribes. The distinctiveness of Nepal is a crucial component that contributes to Nepal's cultural tourism possibilities. It's incredible to think that a small country like Nepal has over 100 ethnic groups and over 90 languages spoken by them.

Nepal's communal activities and traditions are well-known around the world. Every ethnic community has its distinct clothing and attire. Daura Suruwal, on the other hand, has been designated as Nepal's national dress.

On the other hand, national attire is a product of culture and tradition. The ethnicity and caste pursued by a community influence the cultural attire. Even if the Government of Nepal determines the national clothing, ethnic clothes in the rural community are the identities that portray the people's culture and customs. As a result, there are numerous clothes based on people's demography, their living area, geographical location, and the culture practised by their forefathers.

If you visit Nepal, you may buy a Daura Suruwal at any regular clothing store; it is Nepal's identity, and Nepalese are known for their distinctive Dhaka topi and Daura Suruwal. Although the Gunyu Cholo is popular in other Himalayan countries, it is Nepal's national garment for ladies. Although it is a conventional dress form, it varies depending on race and caste.