Baitadi District is one of Nepal's 77 districts and is located in Sudurpashchim Province. It is a hilly area. Baitadi, which has its headquarters at Dasharathchand, occupies 1,519 km2 (586 sq mi) and has a population of 250,898 people, according to the census (2011).
The Baitadi district consisted of 56 village development councils (VDCs) and two municipalities. According to federal policy, there are now ten local units: four municipalities (Dashrath Chand, Patan, Melauli, and Purchudi) and six rural municipalities (Dashrath Chand, Melauli, Patan, and Purchudi) ( Sigas, Surnaya, Dogada Kedar Pancheshwor, Shivnath, and Dilasaini). Baitadi is located in Nepal's far western regional district, bordering Jhulaghat, India, Nepal's neighbouring nation.
History Of Baitadi District
Baitadi was initially a part of the Great Katyuri's Kingdom and was part of the Kumaon Kingdom until the Gorkha invasion of Kumaon in 1791. Around the 10th century, Khas King Ashok Challa of Sapadalaksh (Karnali Zone or Dullu, Dailekh) conquered most of that section of the Katyuri's Kingdom, including Baitadi.
In the Central Himalayas, there were three great Khas King centers:
- Bairath (Baitadi),
- Kamadesh (Kali Kumaun), and
- Kedarbhumi (Garhwal).
According to Baitadi's historical folklore, one of the Chand Kings battled the Khas ruler and founded an independent kingdom in Baitadi for the Chand dynasty.
These stories resembled a historical account of the founding of the Kumaun Kingdom. According to historians in Uttarakhand, a state in India, Nepal's bordering nation, Thohar Chand, was responsible for establishing the Chand dynasty in Kali-Kumaun.
After becoming a King, he changed his name to Abhai Chand. Badri Dutt Pandey quoted the following anecdote about Kumaun's history in his book Kumaun's History.
Gyan Chand (1376 A.D.) was the first emperor of the Chand Dynasty of Champawat, descended from Thohar Chand or Abhai Chand in the third generation. According to legend, Gyan Chand's grandfather, Trilok Chand, and father, Kalyan Chand, were kings of Baitadi.
In 1791, the Gorkha monarchy acquired Kumaon, and Baitadi was incorporated into the Doti District until 1885. Because Baitadi and Dadeldhura shared the same "Bada-Hakim" (District Administrators), they were referred to as the Baitadi-Dadeldhura district until 1956.
After 1956, the "Baitadi-Dadeldhura" district was renamed Mahakali District. In 1956, Baitadi's four counties (Thums) split apart and became a Mahakali district sub-district. Between 1956 and 1962, the "Mahakali district" was divided into three sub-districts.
Places To Visit In Baitadi
There are several temples and historical monuments in the area, and worshipers come from Nepal and India to see them. The finest places to visit in Baitadi are listed below:
- Tripura Sundari Temple
- Ishori Gangadham
- Baitadi Bazaar
- Patal Bhumeshwar Temple
- Bhatana Mahadev Temple
- Ninglasaini Bhagwati Temple
- Mahakali River
Tripura Sundari Temple
Tripura Sundari is a lovely pagoda-style temple that reflects the beauty and history of Tripura. On significant occasions like Sankranti, Dashain, Gaura, and Jaat, tens of thousands of worshippers go to this temple.
It is amongst the seven Bhagwati temples that house spirituality. Many local and foreign tourists have come to see this temple's breathtaking splendour.
Since there is no road access to this location, we will have to hike to our goal. The trial's sceneries are worth appreciating. Many worshipers travel from all over the world to visit this temple at Ishori Gangadham. This ancient and archaeological site, which has stone inscriptions and utensils, is a must-see.
The bazaar is where the residents buy products, fresh fruits and vegetables, and other necessities. On Sundays, this market is usually packed. Tourists can stay at one of the following establishments. One of the main attractions of this place is the local rituals and customs.
Patal Bhumeshwar Temple
This natural beauty is one of Baitadi's most popular tourist attractions. According to locals, this cave has no end and will never be fully explored. During the cave excursion, you may take in stunning views of Saipal and Api peak. It is believed that Lord Shiva rested here on his long journey, giving it religious significance.
Bhatana Mahadev Temple
Bhatana VDC is home to this refuge. Bhatana Mahadev Temple is an ancient Hindu temple that represents Nepali culture and architecture. The existence of this trip to this temple is magnificent, and it adds a spiritual sense to your day.
Ninglasaini Bhagwati Temple
This temple, located in the Baitadi district, is one of Bhagwati's seven sister temples. This temple is named after the goddess Niglasaini's sacrifice. In the temple, they commemorate two distinct occasions each year. Hundreds of bulls and goats are sacrificed to the goddess to obtain her graces during the festival.
The Kali River, also called the Sharda River, starts near Kalapani and runs through Baitadi. The region includes the Himalayas, hills, and the inner Terai, Patan Municipality in Baitidi District in the middle. The Hindu Goddess Mahakali, revered as the goddess of fury and power, gave her name to the Mahakali Stream.