National Park of Nepal

Exploring Nepal's Lesser-Known National Parks: Hidden Gems of Biodiversity

Jul 20 . 2023,Omi Karki

Welcome to Nepal, a land of diverse landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and stunning Himalayan peaks.

While Nepal is well-known for its famous national parks like Chitwan and Sagarmatha, several lesser-known national parks await exploring, offering a unique and off-the-beaten-path experience for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers.

These hidden gems of biodiversity are a treat for those who seek to immerse themselves in the untouched wilderness of Nepal. There is a plethora of things to discover, from sloping valleys, tall mountains, blue skies, and green glass to exotic flora and fauna inhibiting the regions.

Overview and Significance of National Parks in Nepal

Nepal's national parks are a treasure trove of natural and cultural wonders, offering a spectrum of opportunities for conservation, tourism, and research.

With over 12 national parks, these protected areas are home to endangered species, hold cultural significance, and offer breathtaking landscapes.

From the world-renowned Chitwan National Park with its successful conservation efforts to Sagarmatha National Park, home of Mount Everest, these parks attract visitors worldwide.

Through sustainable tourism and community-based conservation initiatives, these parks contribute to the local economy and provide opportunities for research and education.

Nepal's national parks are natural havens and vital pillars for biodiversity conservation, cultural preservation, and sustainable tourism.

Bardia National Park

Nestled in the western part of Nepal, Bardia National Park is a hidden gem that offers a pristine wilderness experience. Spanning over 968 square kilometres, Bardia National Park is one of the largest national parks in Nepal and is renowned for its significance in tiger conservation.

1.  Major Highlights

One of the main highlights of Bardia National Park is its diverse wildlife. The park is home to the elusive Bengal tiger, one of the rarest and most sought-after sightings in the wild.

In addition to tigers, Bardia National Park is also home to the endangered one-horned rhinoceros, wild elephants, and a plethora of bird species.

With its diverse ecosystems, including dense forests, grasslands, and riverine habitats, Bardia National Park provides a thriving habitat for various flora and fauna.

2.  Exploring Bardia: Tips and Activities

Bardia National Park is a thrilling adventure for nature enthusiasts. Visitors can embark on foot safaris, where expert naturalists guide you through the park's trails, providing insights into the park's unique ecosystem and wildlife.

Jeep safaris are another popular option, allowing visitors to cover a larger area of the park and increase their chances of wildlife sightings.

For a truly unique experience, elephant back safaris are also available. Visitors can ride on the back of trained elephants and traverse the dense grasslands and forests of Bardia National Park, providing a different perspective and a closer encounter with the wildlife.

The park also offers opportunities for bird-watching, as it is home to over 250 species of birds, including endangered species like the Bengal florican and the sarus crane.

The Karnali River, which flows through the park, is a hotspot for riverine birds, making it a paradise for bird lovers.

3.  Cultural Experiences

Besides wildlife exploration, Bardia National Park also offers cultural experiences, as it is home to indigenous Tharu communities. Visitors can immerse themselves in the rich Tharu culture and learn about their traditional practices, rituals, and way of life.

4.  Visitors Experience in Bardia National Parks: Rules and Considerations

Bardia National Park is lesser-known and less crowded than other popular national parks in Nepal, so visitors can truly experience the raw and untouched wilderness of Nepal's wildlife.

However, it's important to note that being a protected area, responsible tourism practices, such as following park rules and regulations and respecting nature and local communities, are crucial to ensure the conservation of this precious ecosystem.

Langtang National Park

Langtang National Park is a hidden treasure near Nepal's bustling capital, Kathmandu. This lesser-known national park is perfect for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts seeking breathtaking landscapes and unique wildlife experiences.

1.  Major Highlights

The Langtang Valley, surrounded by snow-capped peaks, dense forests, and alpine meadows, is a visual delight. The panoramic vistas of towering mountains like Langtang Lirung, Dorje Lakpa, and Ganesh Himal create a stunning backdrop for the park.

The valley is also dotted with vibrant rhododendron forests, lush green meadows, and sparkling mountain streams, making it a paradise for nature lovers.

2.  Garden of Rare Species: Langtang Valley

Langtang National Park is home to diverse wildlife, including some rare and elusive species. Red pandas, known for their cute and cuddly appearance, can be found here, making it one of the best places in Nepal to spot them.

Himalayan black bears, musk deer, wild boars, and numerous bird species also call this park home, adding to the region's biodiversity.

3.  Exploring Langtang: Major Activities and Tips

One of the main attractions of Langtang National Park is trekking. The park offers various trekking trails that cater to different fitness levels and experiences.

Trekkers can embark on multi-day treks, passing through picturesque villages, terraced fields, and dense forests and experiencing the local culture and hospitality of the Tamang people, who are the region's indigenous community.

Camping is also popular in Langtang National Park, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the raw wilderness and spend nights under the starry skies.

For bird-watchers, Langtang National Park offers ample opportunities to spot numerous bird species, including the endangered Himalayan monal, the national bird of Nepal.

The park is also home to sacred lakes like Gosainkunda and glaciers like Langtang Lirung, which hold religious significance for both Hindus and Buddhists.

These pristine lakes and glaciers provide visitors with a serene and awe-inspiring experience, surrounded by towering peaks and breathtaking landscapes.

4.  Cultural Experience

Exploring Langtang National Park is not only a visual treat but also a cultural experience, as the park is inhabited by ethnic communities who have their unique way of life and traditions.

Interacting with the locals and learning about their culture and practices can be a rewarding experience for visitors.

As Langtang National Park is a remote and less crowded destination, it offers a serene and peaceful environment away from the hustle and bustle of city life.

However, it's important to practice responsible tourism, including respecting the local culture, following park regulations, and practising eco-friendly practices, to ensure the conservation of this fragile ecosystem.

Shey Phoksundo National Park

Shey Phoksundo is tucked away in the remote region of Dolpa, Nepal, revered for its awe-inspiring natural beauty and the turquoise Shey Phoksundo Lake.

It is relatively less prominent in the present context; however, it packs a solid destination for nature enthusiasts, wilderness admirers, and traditional Tibetan Culture.

1.  Major Highlights

The crown jewel of Shey Phoksundo National Park is Phoksundo Lake, a mesmerizing turquoise gem nestled amidst rugged cliffs and pristine forests.

The lake is known for its crystal-clear waters that reflect the surrounding peaks, creating a surreal and picturesque landscape.

The stark contrast of the deep blue lake against the arid cliffs and snowy mountains creates a dramatic and captivating scenery, making it a photographer's paradise.

2.  Unique Landscapes and Topography of Shey Phoksundo

Shey Phoksundo National Park boasts diverse landscapes, ranging from alpine meadows to dense forests. The park is home to a wide range of flora and fauna, including some rare and elusive species.

Snow leopards, known for their elusive nature, are found in the park, making it one of the best places in Nepal to spot them.

Blue sheep, Himalayan tahr, and musk deer are some of the other wildlife species that can be found in this park, adding to its biodiversity.

3.  Activities to perform in Shey Phoksundo National Park

Trekking in Shey Phoksundo National Park is a unique experience, offering stunning vistas of the Himalayan peaks, serene forests, and pristine lakes.

The park offers various trekking routes, including the famous "Phoksundo Lake Trek," which takes visitors through rugged terrains, remote villages, and ancient monasteries.

Camping is also popular in the park, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the raw wilderness and spend nights under the starry skies.

4.  Cultural Experiences

Apart from its natural beauty, Shey Phoksundo National Park also offers unique cultural experiences.

The Dolpa region is home to traditional Tibetan villages where visitors can witness the unique lifestyle and practices of the local communities.

Trekking in the park allows visitors to explore these remote villages, interact with the locals, and learn about their culture and traditions. The Dolpa region is also known for its ancient Bonpo religion, which has its unique rituals and practices, adding a spiritual dimension to the cultural experiences.

5.  Considerations before travelling to Shey Phoksundo

Shey Phoksundo National Park is a remote and fragile ecosystem, and it's important to practice responsible tourism to ensure its conservation.

Following park regulations, respecting the local culture and traditions, and practising eco-friendly practices are essential to preserving the pristine beauty of this hidden gem.

Rara National Park

Rara National Park is perched in the far-western region of Nepal and boasts of its heavenly landscape, mesmerizing Rara Lake, the largest lake in Nepal.

Likewise, Rara National Park is a paradise for nature lovers, adventure seekers, and wildlife enthusiasts alike.

1.  Rara Lake - Jewel of Rara National Park

At the heart of Rara National Park lies the magnificent Rara Lake, which is the park's main attraction. Known for its pristine beauty, Rara Lake is a freshwater lake situated at an altitude of 2,990 meters (9,810 feet) above sea level.

The lake spans an area of approximately 10.8 square kilometres and is surrounded by lush greenery, making it a sight to behold. The crystal-clear waters of Rara Lake reflect the snow-capped peaks of the surrounding Himalayan ranges, creating a picturesque setting that is simply breathtaking.

The significance of Rara Lake goes beyond its natural beauty. The lake holds great cultural and religious importance for the local people.

It is believed that Rara Lake was created by Lord Mahadev, the Hindu god of destruction, and is considered a sacred place. Many local festivals and rituals are held around the lake, making it a cultural hotspot.

2.  Landscape Beauty of Rara National Park

Rara National Park is not just about the pristine lake but also boasts a diverse range of landscapes that are sure to captivate any nature lover.

The park is characterized by coniferous forests, rolling hills covered with vibrant rhododendron flowers, and snow-capped peaks that create a dramatic backdrop against the clear blue skies.

The park is spread over an area of 106 square kilometres and encompasses Rara Lake along with its surrounding forests and meadows.

The region is home to an abundance of flora and fauna. The dense forests of Rara National Park are dominated by coniferous trees such as blue pine, spruce, and fir.

These forests are also home to various medicinal herbs and plants the local communities use for their traditional restorative practices.

3.  Rare Wildlife of Rara National Park

Rara National Park is also known for its diverse wildlife, including several rare and endangered species. The park is home to the elusive red panda, a rare and endangered mammal found in the Himalayan region.

Other notable wildlife species in the park include the Himalayan black bear, musk deer, ghoral, and serow. The park is also a haven for bird enthusiasts, with over 200 species of birds recorded, including the endangered cheer pheasant, Danphe, and Himalayan monal.

4.  Exploring Rara National Park - Trekking, Camping, Boating, and Fishing

Rara National Park offers ample opportunities for outdoor activities, making it a paradise for adventure seekers. Trekking is a popular activity in the park, with several trails that provide breathtaking views of the surrounding landscapes.

The trek to Rara Lake takes you through dense forests, picturesque meadows, and charming villages, providing an unforgettable experience.

Camping is another popular activity in Rara National Park. There are designated camping areas within the park where visitors can set up their tents and enjoy the tranquility of nature. The starry nights and the peaceful ambience of the park make camping a memorable experience.

Boating is a popular activity on Rara Lake, allowing visitors to explore the pristine waters and get a closer look at the surrounding landscapes. Boats can be rented from the park authorities.

Khaptad National Park

Spread over an area of 225 square kilometres, Khaptad National Park is renowned for its religious significance, diverse flora and fauna, and opportunities for trekking, camping, and exploring cultural heritage sites.

1.  Religious Significance of Khaptad National Park

Khaptad National Park holds great religious significance for the local people. The park is named after Khaptad Baba, a renowned spiritual saint who meditated in this area for many years.

It is believed that Khaptad Baba achieved spiritual enlightenment through his deep meditation and penance in the serene landscapes of this park. As a result, Khaptad National Park has become a revered pilgrimage site for devotees of Hinduism and Buddhism.

The park is home to numerous temples, ashrams, and sacred sites that attract pilgrims from far and wide. One of the main attractions is the Khaptad Baba Ashram, where the saint used to meditate.

This ashram is a spiritual hub and serves as a place of worship and meditation for devotees. The park also hosts an annual fair called "Khaptad Mela," where devotees come to seek blessings and participate in religious and cultural activities.

2.  Serene Landscapes of Khaptad National Park

Its serene landscapes and pristine beauty characterizes Khaptad National Park. The park is adorned with dense forests, rolling meadows, and sparkling streams that create a tranquil ambience.

Khaptad National Park is situated at an altitude of 1,400 to 3,300 meters above sea level, offering a pleasant and cool climate throughout the year.

One of the unique features of Khaptad National Park is its vast meadows, locally known as "Patans." These meadows are covered with vibrant flowers, including rhododendron, which blooms in spring, creating a spectacular sight.

The meadows are ideal for camping, picnicking, and relaxing in the lap of nature. The park also offers panoramic views of the majestic Himalayan ranges, including the Api and Saipal peaks.

3.  Diverse Flora and Fauna of Khaptad National Park

Khaptad National Park is a treasure trove of biodiversity, with diverse flora and fauna that thrive in its pristine habitats.

The park is home to over 567 species of flowering plants, including many rare and endangered species. Coniferous trees dominate the park's dense forests, including Himalayan cedar, blue pine, and rhododendron.

One of the unique aspects of the park is its rich medicinal plant diversity. Many species of medicinal plants, including Kutki, Jatamansi, and Panchaule, are found in the garden and are used in traditional Ayurvedic and herbal medicine practices.

The park is also home to various wildlife, including Himalayan tahr, musk deer, langur monkeys, and several bird species, including the endangered cheer pheasant and impeyan pheasant.

4.  Trekking, Camping, and Exploring Cultural Heritage Sites in Khaptad National Park

Khaptad National Park offers ample opportunities for outdoor activities, making it a haven for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers.

Trekking is a popular activity in the park, with several trails that take you through the enchanting landscapes of forests, meadows, and streams.

The trek to Khaptad Baba Ashram and Khaptad Danda, a nearby viewpoint, offers breathtaking views of the surrounding landscapes and snow-covered ranges, including Api, Saipal and Nandadevi.

Camping is another popular activity in Khaptad National Park. 

Imagine sitting around a bonfire, listening to the sounds of the forest, connecting with nature, rejuvenating your soul, and creating lasting memories.

One of the unique aspects of Khaptad National Park is its cultural heritage. Several ancient temples and shrines within the park, including Khaptad Baba Ashram, Triveni Dham, and Kedardhunga, hold immense religious and cultural importance.

Unveiling Nepal's Hidden Gems: Exploring Biodiversity at its Finest

From the pristine beauty of Rara National Park, with its mesmerizing Rara Lake and diverse wildlife, to the religious significance and serene landscapes of Khaptad National Park, with its opportunities for trekking, camping, and cultural exploration, these national parks offer unfathomably exquisite experiences for nature enthusiasts.

The untouched landscapes, rare flora and fauna, and unique cultural heritage sites found in these national parks are a testament to Nepal's rich biodiversity and natural heritage.

The opportunity to witness endangered species like red pandas and Himalayan bears, explore ancient temples and shrines, and connect with the indigenous communities who have lived in harmony with nature for generations, is a genuinely captivating and enriching experience.

So, come and embark on a journey of discovery to Nepal's hidden gems- These lesser-known national parks are waiting to be explored.

Be awe-struck by the breathtaking landscapes, encounter rare wildlife, immerse yourself in cultural richness, and create unforgettable memories.

Unveil the beauty of Nepal's hidden gems and gain experiences that will leave you with a lifetime of cherished memories.